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Yamaha R1 1st Gen (1998-2001) Maintenance Schedule and Service Intervals

1998-2001 Yamaha R1 from 2000

This is the maintenance schedule and associated service intervals for the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1, otherwise known as the Yamaha YZF-R1.

This was the first generation of the Yamaha R1 that changed everything in world superbikes.

This maintenance schedule applies to the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1. The bike did undergo some chanes in 2000 to smooth out the fuelling, but was otherwise unchanged from a maintenance perspective.

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What you need to maintain the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1

Apart from common motorcycle maintenance tools, you need the specific consumables below for your 1998-2001 Yamaha R1.

OilThe old manual recommends Yamalube 20W40 for temperattures of 40F (5C) or above, or Yamalube 10W30 for temperatures of 60F (15C) or above. These days Yamalube 10W-40 or Yamalube 10W-50 (if you ride in temps above 100 F or 40 C) provide more flexibility. Don’t over-torque the bolt — use a torque wrench if you don’t have experience with how much torque is enough.
Oil filterNeeds to be changed every time you change the oil. Either get a stock one (part 5GH-13440-70-00, used for many Yamaha products) or the K&N KN-303.
Spark PlugsNGK CR9E. This is what the manual and mechanics suggest. Make sure it’s gapped correctly to 0.7-0.8mm (get a spark plug gapping tool). Spark plug torque is 12.5Nm (9 ft-lb).
Engine coolantUse any Valvolene Zerex G05 meets Yamaha’s spec of a high-quality ethylene glycol anti-freeze with corrosion inhibitors.Best coolant to use for Yamaha R1, recommended from the manual.
Air filterThe R1 uses an oil-coated paper element. Either get the stock one (part 4XV-14451-00), or the K&N YA-1098.
Brake padsEither buy them OEM from Yamaha (2x 5JJ-W0045-00-00 for front, 1x 5FL-W0046-50-00 for rear), or EBC double-sintered HH (2x part FA252HH for front, 1x FA267HH for rear). Here are some other brake pads for the Yamaha R1, including race-spec ones.
Brake/Clutch fluidYamaha recommends a DOT 4 brake/clutch fluid.
Consumables for 1998-2001 Yamaha R1

You might also need the following general-purpose consumables and tools.

motorcycle maintenance tools - paddock standPaddock Stand — Makes maintaining your chain or doing other maintenance much easier.
motorcycle maintenance tools - motul chain pasteMotul chain paste — one of the most highly-regarded chain lubes. Easy to apply, doesn’t fling off. If you need more stuff, get the Motul chain care kit as an affordable package.
Valvoline full synthetic lithium soap-based greaseAlways good to have on hand lithium soap-based grease for lubing external pivot points (like the swingarm) and bearings.
motorcycle maintenance - cable lubricantUse Protect all cable life to lubricate your cables and controls.
General motorcycle maintenance consumables

1998-2001 Yamaha R1 1st Gen Maintenance Schedule

Below is the maintenance schedule for the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1.

Maintenance schedule notes:

  • The mileage is shown in miles from the US manuals and in km from the European manuals. The intervals are slightly different, but order-of-magnitude the same.
  • Past the end of the maintenance schedule, repeat every second column.


  • Chain: Adjust, clean, and lube chain every 600 mi (1000 km) or after washing the motorcycle or riding the rain
  • Air filter
    • The original manual suggests cleaning the air filter. Advice from later Yamaha models is to replace the air filter rather than clean it with compressed air.
    • The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in an unusually wet or dry areas.
  • Hydraulic brake system
    • Regularly check and, if necessary, correct the brake fluid level
    • Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinder and caliper, and change the brake fluid
    • Replace the brake hose every four years, or if cracked or damaged.

The maintenance for the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1 is broken into two sections: periodic maintenance for emission control systems, and general maintenance and lubrication.

Periodic Maintenance Emission Control System

Distance (mi, US)60040008000120001600020000
Distance (km, Eur/Aus)100010000200003000040000
ItemTime (mon)1612182430
Valve clearance•Check and adjust valve clearance (every 26.6K mi, 40K km)
Spark plug•Check condition
•Adjust gap and clean
•Replace periodically (R) with NGK CR9E
Crankcase ventilation system•Check ventilation hose for cracks or damage
•Replace if necessary
Fuel line•Check fuel hoses and vacuum hose for cracks or damage
•Replace if necessary
Fuel filter•Replace every 20000 mi (40000 km) or 30 monthsR
Exhaust system•Check for leakage
•Retighten if necessary
•Replace gasket(s) if necessary
Carburetors•Adjust synchronization of carburetors
Idle speed•Check and adjust engine idle speed
•Adjust cable freeplay
Evaporative emission control system (For California only)•Check control system for damage
•Replace if necessary
Air induction system•Check the air cut valve and reed valve for damage
•Replace the entire air induction system if necessary
Emissions maintenance for 1998-2001 Yamaha R1

General Maintenance and Lubrication Chart

Distance (mi, US)60040008000120001600020000
Distance (km, Eur/Aus)100010000200003000040000
ItemTime (mon)1612182430
Oil•Replace (warm engine before draining) Yamalube 10W-40
Oil filter•Replace periodically (K&N KN-303)
Air filter•Clean with compressed air (NOTE — recent advice is to replace rather than clean)
•Replace if necessary (K&N YA-1098)
Cooling system•Check hose for cracks or damage
•Replace if necessary
•Replace coolant every 24 monthsR
Brake system•Check operation, pad wear, and fluid leakage.
•Correct if necessary
Clutch•Check operation
•Adjust or replace cable
Control cable•Apply cable lubricant thoroughly
Swing arm pivot bearing•Check bearing assembly for looseness
•Moderately repack periodically
Rear suspension link pivots•Check operation
•Correct if necessary
Rear shock absorber•Check operation and oil leakage
•Replace if necessary
Front fork oil•Check operation and leakage
•Repair if necessary
Steering bearings•Check bearing assembly for looseness
•Moderately repack periodically
Brake/clutch lever pivot shaft•Apply cable lubricant lightly
Brake pedal•Apply cable lubricant lightly
Drive chain•Check chain slack/alignment condition regularly (see notes)
•Adjust and lubricate chain thoroughly (Motul chain paste)
Wheel bearings•Check bearing for smooth rotation
Sidestand pivot•Check operation and lubricate
•Apply chain lube lightly
Sidestand switch•Check and clean or replace if necessary
Chassis fasteners•Check all chassis fittings and fasteners
•Correct if necessary
Maintenance schedule for Yamaha R1 1st Gen

About the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1 1st Gen

1998-1999 Yamaha YZF-R1 Stock Image
1st generation Yamaha R1 — Blue

The 1st generation Yamaha R1 made quite a scene.

It arrived a few years after the first CBR900RR had already redefined the litre-class motorcycling world, but the R1 made a name for itself by not trying to be a superbike for everyone, but rather a track-focused speed and power machine.

The first 98-99 Yamaha R1s are already very hard to find, especially in mint condition.

In 2000, Yamaha introduced a series of changes to improve the bike, and minor changes to the bodywork to allow for better long duration ride handling. Yamaha’s main design goal was to sharpen the pre-existing bike and not to redesign it. Still, they improved power, and reduced weight.

The top-end output remained the same, but changes to the fuelling system were intended to result in a smoother, broader distribution of power.

The bodywork was still unmistakably R1, although with a reduced drag coefficient. The headlight housing’s profile was sharpened, the side panels were made more aerodynamic and slippery, and the windscreen was reshaped for better rider protection.

Manual for the 1998-2001 Yamaha YZF-R1

1998-2001 Yamaha R1 Maintenance schedule screenshot from manual

The above information was gleaned from the owner’s manual for the 2000-2001 Yamaha YZF-R1.

You can download it from Yamaha’s website here.

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