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Yamaha R1 1st Gen (1998-2001) Maintenance Schedule and Service Intervals

1998 Yamaha YZF-R1 red and white 1

This is the maintenance schedule and associated service intervals for the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1, otherwise known as the Yamaha YZF-R1.

This was the first generation of the Yamaha YZF-R1 that changed everything in the world of superbikes.

Here are all the Yamaha YZF-R1 maintenance schedules in case you’re looking for one of those:

The 1998-2001 Yamaha R1 is based on a 998cc inline four-cylinder engine with dual overhead cams and five valves per cylinder. It ran a 11.8:1 compression ratio, and was fed by 4 x 40 mm Mikuni constant velocity downdraft carburettors. It made peak power of 110 kW (149 hp) at 10000 rpm.

This maintenance schedule applies to the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1. The bike did undergo some chanes in 2000 to smooth out the fuelling, but was otherwise unchanged from a maintenance perspective.

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What you need to maintain the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1

Apart from common motorcycle maintenance tools, you need the specific consumables below for your 1998-2001 Yamaha R1.

PartYamaha YZF-R1 (1998-2001)
OilThe old manual recommends Yamalube 20W40 for temperatures of 40F (5C) or above, or Yamalube 10W30 for temperatures of 60F (15C) or above. These days Yamalube 10W-40 or Yamalube 10W-50 (if you ride in temps above 100 F or 40 C) provide more flexibility. Don’t over-torque the bolt — use a torque wrench if you don’t have experience with how much torque is enough.
Oil filterNeeds to be changed every time you change the oil. Either get a stock one (part 5GH-13440-70-00, used for many Yamaha products) or the HifloFiltro HF303.
Spark PlugsNGK CR9E. This is what the manual and mechanics suggest. Make sure it’s gapped correctly to 0.7-0.8mm (get a spark plug gapping tool). Spark plug torque is 12.5Nm (9 ft-lb).
Engine coolantUse any Valvolene Zerex G05 meets Yamaha’s spec of a high-quality ethylene glycol anti-freeze with corrosion inhibitors. Best coolant to use for Yamaha R1, recommended from the manual.
Air filterThe R1 uses an oil-coated paper element. Either get the stock one (part 4XV-14451-00), or the K&N YA-1098.
Brake padsEither buy them OEM from Yamaha (2x 5JJ-W0045-00-00 for front, 1x 5FL-W0046-50-00 for rear), or EBC double-sintered HH (2x FA252HH for front, 1x FA267HH for rear). Here are some other brake pads for the Yamaha R1, including race-spec ones.
Brake/Clutch fluidYamaha recommends a DOT 4 brake/clutch fluid, e.g. Castrol DOT 4.
Consumables for 1998-2001 Yamaha R1

You might also need the following general-purpose consumables and tools.

Description
Paddock Stand — Makes maintaining your chain or doing other maintenance much easier.
Motul chain paste — one of the most highly-regarded chain lubes. Easy to apply, doesn’t fling off. If you need more stuff, get the Motul chain care kit as an affordable package.
Always good to have on hand lithium soap-based grease for lubing external pivot points (like the swingarm) and bearings.
Use Protect all cable life to lubricate your cables and controls.
General motorcycle maintenance consumables

1998-2001 Yamaha R1 1st Gen Maintenance Schedule

Below is the maintenance schedule for the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1.

Maintenance schedule notes:

  • As the 1998-2001 Yamaha YZF-R1 is no longer sold new, the break-in schedule is not shown.
  • Past the end of the maintenance schedule, repeat it in the pattern shown.
  • The original manual suggests cleaning the air filter. Advice from later Yamaha models is to replace the air filter rather than clean it with compressed air.
  • Chain: Adjust, clean, and lube chain every 600 mi (1000 km) or after washing the motorcycle or riding the rain

1998-2001 Yamaha YZF-R1 Maintenance Schedule (North America, 4000 mile intervals)

In the North American manual for the YZF-R1, there are service intervals of 4000 miles or 6000 km, or 6 months.

mi x 100048121620
km x 1000713192531
Months612182430Every
Change oil (warm engine before draining). Use Yamalube 10W-40 or Motul 7100 10W-40
Change oil filter (HF303)
Check and adjust valve clearance26600 mi (42000 km)
Check spark plug condition. Adjust gap and clean
Replace spark plugs (NGK CR9E)
Replace fuel filter
Adjust synchronization of carburetors
Check and adjust engine idle speed. Adjust throttle cable freeplay.
Check the air cut valve and reed valve for damage. Replace air induction system if necessary
Check air filter, and replace if necessary (K&N YA-1098)More often if riding in dust/rain
Check cooling system hoses for cracks or damage. Replace if necessary
Replace brake fluid and rubber parts of brake master cylinder/calipers2 years
Replace coolant2 years
Check brake system operation, pad wear, and fluid leakage. Top up fluid / replace pads as necessary
Check clutch operation. Adjust or replace cable
Lubricate control cables (Protect All Cable Life)
Check swingarm bearing assembly for looseness
Repack swingarm bearing with lithium soap-based grease
Check rear suspension link pivot operation. Correct if necessary
Check rear shock absorber operation and for oil leakage. Repair / replace if necessary
Check front fork operation and for oil leakage. Repair / replace if necessary
Check steering bearing assembly for looseness
Repack steering bearings with lithium soap-based grease
Lubricate brake / clutch lever pivot shafts with cable lubricant lightly
Lubricate brake pedal with cable lubricant lightly
Check drive chain slack/alignment condition. Adjust and lubricate chain thoroughly (Motul chain paste)600 mi (1000 km)
Check wheel bearing for smooth rotation
Check sidestand pivot operation and lubricate with lithium soap-based grease
Check and clean sidestand switch, or replace if necessary
Check all chassis fittings and fasteners. Tighten/replace if necessary
Check lights, signals, and switches. Adjust headlight beam.Year
Check crankcase ventilation hose for cracks or damage. Replace if necessary
Check fuel hoses and vacuum hose for cracks or damage. Replace if necessary
Check exhaust for leakage. Retighten /replace gaskets if necessary
Check evap control system (if fitted) for damage. Replace if necessary
Yamaha YZF-R1 maintenance Schedule — North America

Yamaha YZF-R1 Maintenance Schedule — Europe / APAC

The Europe / APAC manuals for the YZF-R1 specify 10000 km / 6000 mile maintenance intervals, or 12 months.

km x 100010203040
mi x 10006121824Every
Change oil (warm engine before draining). Use Yamalube 10W-40 or Motul 7100 10W-40Year
Change oil filter (HF303)
Check and adjust valve clearance
Check spark plug condition. Adjust gap and clean
Replace spark plugs (NGK CR9E)
Adjust synchronization of carburetorsYear
Check and adjust engine idle speed. Adjust throttle cable freeplay.Year
Check the air cut valve and reed valve for damage. Replace air induction system if necessary
Check air filter, and replace if necessary (K&N YA-1098)More often if riding in dust/rain
Check cooling system hoses for cracks or damage. Replace if necessaryYear
Replace brake fluid and rubber parts of brake master cylinder/calipers2 years
Replace coolant2 years
Check brake system operation, pad wear, and fluid leakage. Top up fluid / replace pads as necessaryYear
Check clutch operation. Adjust or replace cable
Lubricate control cables (Protect All Cable Life)Year
Check swingarm bearing assembly for looseness
Repack swingarm bearing with lithium soap-based grease
Check rear suspension link pivot operation. Correct if necessary
Check rear shock absorber operation and for oil leakage. Repair / replace if necessaryYear
Check front fork operation and for oil leakage. Repair / replace if necessaryYear
Check steering bearing assembly for looseness
Repack steering bearings with lithium soap-based grease24000 km
Lubricate brake / clutch lever pivot shafts with cable lubricant lightlyYear
Lubricate brake pedal with cable lubricant lightlyYear
Check drive chain slack/alignment condition. Adjust and lubricate chain thoroughly (Motul chain paste)1000 km (600 mi)
Check wheel bearing for smooth rotation
Check sidestand pivot operation and lubricate with lithium soap-based greaseYear
Check and clean sidestand switch, or replace if necessaryYear
Check all chassis fittings and fasteners. Tighten/replace if necessaryYear
Check lights, signals, and switches. Adjust headlight beam.Year
Check crankcase ventilation hose for cracks or damage. Replace if necessaryYear
Check fuel hoses and vacuum hose for cracks or damage. Replace if necessaryYear
Check exhaust for leakage. Retighten /replace gaskets if necessary
Check evap control system (if fitted) for damage. Replace if necessaryYear
Yamaha YZF-R1 1998-2001 Maintenance Schedule — Europe

About the 1998-2001 Yamaha R1 1st Gen

1998-1999 Yamaha YZF-R1 Stock Image
1st generation Yamaha R1 — Blue

The 1st generation Yamaha YZF-R1 is the first in a long line of supersport bikes that Yamaha has been building since 1998 until the present day.

From its beginning, the Yamaha YZF-R1 has been known for its “no compromises” approach to track dominance. It’s not meant to be balanced, or the prettiest (though it is a looker, of course), or the highest tech — just the best at what it does.

The first Yamaha YZF-R1 arrived a few years after the first CBR900RR had already redefined the litre-class motorcycling world, but the R1 made a name for itself by not trying to be a superbike for everyone, but rather a track-focused speed and power machine.

The first 98-99 Yamaha R1s are already very hard to find, especially in mint condition (and ESPECIALLY in red and white).

The core of first-gen Yamaha YZF-R1 is an inline four-cylinder engine with 998 cc displacement and five valves per cylinder. This unusual design was ditched in the mid 2000s, but it makes for a very interesting engine and riding experience!

1998 Yamaha YZF-R1 engine 5-valve

This early generation of Yamaha YZF-R1 also is carburettor fed and also doesn’t have the crossplane crankshaft of the 2009+ generation of Yamaha R1.

In 2000, Yamaha introduced a series of changes to improve the bike, and minor changes to the bodywork to allow for better long duration ride handling. Yamaha’s main design goal was to sharpen the pre-existing bike and not to redesign it. Still, they improved power, and reduced weight.

The top-end output remained the same, but changes to the fuelling system were intended to result in a smoother, broader distribution of power.

The bodywork was still unmistakably R1, although with a reduced drag coefficient. The headlight housing’s profile was sharpened, the side panels were made more aerodynamic and slippery, and the windscreen was reshaped for better rider protection.

Manual for the 1998-2001 Yamaha YZF-R1

The above information was gleaned from the owner’s manual for the 2000-2001 Yamaha YZF-R1, and checked against the manuals for the 1998 and 1999 models.

Below is a screenshot of the maintenance schedule from the manual.

1998-2001 Yamaha R1 Maintenance schedule screenshot from manual

You can download it from Yamaha’s website here.

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