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Yamaha R1 5th Gen (2009-2014) “Crossplane” Maintenance Schedule and Service Intervals

2014 Yamaha YZF-R1

This is the maintenance schedule and associated service intervals for the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1, with the fabled “crossplane” crank (which Yamaha has kept to today). The crossplane crank was new for 2009, keeping the ride-by-wire additions of the 2007-2008 Yamaha R1.

The Yamaha R1 is also known as the Yamaha YZF-R1. It has evolved a lot since its early days in 1998, but one thing has remained fundamental — its spirit of “no compromises” that it shares with the R6. The R1 is a track-first, everything else-second machine designed to go fast in straight lines and around corners.

This maintenance schedule applies to the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1. During this period, the only significant change was in 2012 when the Yamaha R1 got traction control.

In 2015, the 6th generation R1 was massively updated with a six-axis IMU and a host of rider aids.

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What you need to service the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1

OilYamalube 10W-40 or Yamalube 10W-50 (if you ride in temps above 100 F or 40 C). The manual suggests it and it’s affordable on Amazon with a solid 5-star rating. Don’t over-torque the bolt — use a torque wrench if you don’t have experience with how much torque is enough.
Yamaha engine oil recommendation chart
Oil filterNeeds to be changed every time you change the oil. Either get a stock one (part 5GH-13440-50-00, used for many Yamaha products) or the K&N KN-204-1.
Spark PlugsNGK LMAR9E-J (2009 onward). This is what the manual and mechanics suggest. Make sure it’s gapped correctly (get a gapping tool)
Engine coolantValvoline Zerex G05 meet’s Yamaha’s requirements for an ethylene-glycol anti-freeze with corrosion-prevention properties.Best coolant to use for Yamaha R1, recommended from the manual.
Air filterThe R1 uses an oil-coated paper element. Either get the stock one (part 14B-14451-00-00), or the K&N YA-1009.
Brake padsEither buy them OEM from Yamaha (2x 4C8-25805-00-00 for front, 1x 5VX-25806-00-00 for rear), or EBC double-sintered HH (2x part FA442/4HH for front, 1x FA174HH for rear). Here are some other brake pads for the Yamaha R1, including race-spec ones.
Brake/Clutch fluidYamaha recommends a DOT-4 brake/clutch fluid.
Chain lubricantA really popular chain lubricant that’s low-mess and highly effective is Motul chain paste.
Cable lubricantKeeping good clutch action depends on having a well-lubricated chain. You can use engine oil, but Protect All Cable Life is an affordable and well-used staple of maintenance.
Mechanical greaseIt’s important to grease moving parts, like the sidestand and sometimes bearings, to keep them from getting notchy or seizing. Valvoline moly-fortified grease meets a lot of needs.
Consumables for 2009-2014 Yamaha R1
2012 Yamaha YZF-R1
2012 Yamaha R1 in red and white

2009-2014 Yamaha R1 Maintenance Schedule

Below is the maintenance schedule for the 2014 Yamaha R1.

Maintenance notes:

  1. Yamaha recommends that you get a dealer or mechanic to service everything other than the brakes, chain, and lubricating the controls (but we know you won’t…)
  2. The maintenance schedule includes miles from the US manuals, and KM from the European ones. They don’t match up exactly, but are similar in order of magnitude — some are shorter, and some are longer.
  3. After the last maintenance interval, continue repeating every second column (and some items like air filter need to be changed less regularly)
  4. Maintaining the chain: Check, clean, and lube the chain every 500 mi (800 km) and after washing the motorcycle or riding in the rain
  5. Maintaining the air filter:
    1. This model R1 is equipped with a disposable oil-coated paper element, which must not be cleaned with compressed air to avoid damaging it
    2. The air filter element needs to be replaced more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dry areas
  6. Maintaining the hydraulic brakes
    1. After disassembling the brake master cylinder and calipers, always change the fluid. 
    2. Regularly check the brake fluid levels and fill the reservoirs as required
    3. Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinder and calliper, and change the brake fluid (using DOT 4 fluid)
    4. Every four years (or if cracked or damaged) replace the brake hose.

The maintenance for the 2009-2014 5th gen Yamaha R1 is broken into two sections: periodic maintenance for emission control systems, and general maintenance and lubrication.

Periodic Maintenance Emission Control System

Distance (mi, US)60040008000120001600020000
Distance (km, Eur/Aus)100010000200003000040000
ItemTime (months)1612182430
Fuel line•Check fuel hoses for cracks or damage
•Replace if necessary
Spark plugs•Check condition (C)
•Adjust gap and clean
•Replace every second interval (R) with NGK LMAR9E-J
Valve clearance•Check and adjust valve clearance (every 26.6K mi, 40K km)
Crankcase breather system•Check breather hose for cracks or damage
•Replace if necessary
Fuel injection•Adjust synchronizationXXXXXX
Exhaust system•Check for leakage
•Tighten if necessary
•Replace gasket(s) if necessary
Evaporative emission control system (California only)•Check control system for damage
•Replace if necessary
Air induction system•Check the air cut valve and reed valve, and hose for damage
•Replace any damaged parts if necessary
Yamaha R1 emissions maintenance schedule

General Maintenance and Lubrication Chart

Distance (mi, US)60040008000120001600020000
Distance (km, Eur/Aus)100010000200003000040000
ItemTime (months)1612182430
Air filter element• Replace (every 24K mi/40K km)
Clutch• Check operation.
• Adjust or replace cable.
Front brake• Check operation, fluid level, and for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
Rear brake• Check operation, fluid level, and for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
Brake hoses• Check for cracks or damage.
• Check for correct routing and clamping
• Replace every 4 years
Brake fluid• Replace every 2 years (DOT 4)
Wheels• Check runout and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
Tires• Check tread depth and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
Wheel bearings• Check bearings for smooth operation.
• Replace if necessary.
Swingarm pivot bearings• Check operation and for excessive playXXXXX
• Moderately repack with with lithium-soap-based grease (32K mi/50K km)
Drive chain• Check chain slack, alignment and condition.
• Adjust and lubricate chain (Motul chain paste)
See notes
Steering bearings• Check bearing assemblies for looseness.XXXXXX
• Repack with lithium-soap based grease (every 16K mi/20K km)
Steering damper• Check operation and for oil leakageXXXXX
Chassis fasteners• Check all chassis fitting and fasteners.
• Correct if necessary.
Brake lever pivot shaft• Apply silicone grease lightlyXXXXX
Brake pedal pivot shaft• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.XXXXX
Clutch lever pivot shaft• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.XXXXX
Shift pedal pivots shaft• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.XXXXX
Sidestand pivot• Check operation.
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.
Sidestand switch• Check operation and replace if necessary.XXXXXX
Front fork• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
Shock absorber assembly• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
Rear suspension link pivots• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
Engine oil• Change (warm engine before draining) — Yamalube 10W-50
Engine oil filter cartridge• Replace (K&N KN-204-1)
Cooling system• Check hoses for cracks or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Change coolant (Ethylene glycol pre-mix) X (Europe: Every 3 years)
Front and rear brake switches• Check operationXXXXXX
Control cables• Apply lubricant thoroughly (Protect all cable life)XXXXXX
Throttle grip• Check operation and free play.
• Adjust the throttle cable free play if necessary.
• Lubricate the throttle grip housing and cable.
Lights, signals and switches• Check operation
• Adjust headlight beam
2009-2014 Yamaha R1 maintenance schedule

About the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1

The 2009-2014 Yamaha R1 was all-new again… and this was arguably the biggest update since the first launch of the R1 in 1998.

The 2009 Yamaha R1 brought with it the “Crossplane crank” engine. The crossplane crankshaft is unique in that it delivers an off-beat firing order that is designed to optimise inertia and traction, the engine never being at a standstill. It also means the 2009+ Yamaha R1 (as with the 2015+ Yamaha MT-10/FZ-10) delivers a ferocious sound reminiscent of a V4 engine.

In 2012, Yamaha updated the 2009 R1 to add seven-level traction control.

As far as suspension is concerned, the Yamaha YZF-R1 is packed with a front, fully adjustable 43mm inverted fork and a rear 4-way adjustable single shock.

Manual for the 2009-2014 Yamaha YZF-R1

2014 Yamaha YZF-R1 Maintenance schedule screenshot from manual
US maintenance intervals for Yamaha R1 – every 4,000 mi
European maintenance schedule for the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1
European maintenance intervals – every 10,000 km

The above information was gleaned from the owner’s manual for the 2014 Yamaha YZF-R1.

You can download it from Yamaha’s website here.

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