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2009-2014 Yamaha R1 “Crossplane” Maintenance Schedule and Service Intervals

2014 Yamaha YZF-R1

This is the maintenance schedule and associated service intervals for the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1, with the fabled “crossplane” crank (which Yamaha has kept to today).

The Yamaha R1 is also known as the Yamaha YZF-R1. It has evolved a lot since its early days in 1998, but one thing has remained fundamental — its spirit of “no compromises” that it shares with the R6. The R1 is a track-first, everything else-second machine designed to go fast in straight lines and around corners.

This maintenance schedule applies to

  • 2009 Yamaha R1
  • 2010 Yamaha R1 (including the R1 LE)
  • 2011 Yamaha R1
  • 2012 Yamaha R1 (with added rider aids)
  • 2013 Yamaha R1
  • 2014 Yamaha R1
2010 Yamaha R1 LE
2010 Yamaha YZF-R1 LE

What you need to service the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1

OilYamalube 10W-40 or Yamalube 10W-50 (if you ride in temps above 100 F or 40 C). The manual suggests it and it’s affordable on Amazon with a solid 5-star rating. Don’t over-torque the bolt — use a torque wrench if you don’t have experience with how much torque is enough.
Oil filterNeeds to be changed every time you change the oil. Either get a stock one (part 5GH-13440-50-00, used for many Yamaha products) or the K&N KN-204-1.
Spark PlugsNGK LMAR9E-J. This is what the manual and mechanics suggest. Make sure it’s gapped correctly (get a gapping tool)
Engine coolantYamaha recommends “Yamacool”, but use any 50/50 mixture of ethylene glycol and water. You can either use pre-mix or concentrate. I usually recommend this Valvolene 50/50 ethylene glycol pre-mix.Best coolant to use for Yamaha R1, recommended from the manual.
Air filterThe R1 uses an oil-coated paper element. Either get the stock one (part 14B-14451-00-00), or the K&N YA-1009.
Brake padsEither buy them OEM from Yamaha (2x 4C8-25805-00-00 for front, 1x 5VX-25806-00-00 for rear), or EBC double-sintered HH (2x part FA442/4HH for front, 1x FA174HH for rear). Here are some other brake pads for the Yamaha R1, including race-spec ones.
Brake/Clutch fluidYamaha recommends a DOT-4 brake/clutch fluid.
Consumables for 2009-2014 Yamaha R1

You might also need the following general-purpose consumables and tools.

Chain lubricantmotorcycle maintenance tools - motul chain pasteThe chain needs to be lubricated every 800 km/500 miles (or more, if it gets wet/dirty), with variations recommended between manufacturers. Motul chain paste is cheap and well-loved.
Chain cleaner brushmotorcycle maintenance - chain cleanerA chain cleaner brush makes cleaning off grime and then distributing new lubricant much more easy.
Paddock standmotorcycle maintenance tools - paddock standLubricating the chain and changing the oil both become a lot easier once you use an affordable paddock stand (not necessary if you have a center stand).
Cable lubricantmotorcycle maintenance - cable lubricantRemember to lubricate your clutch cable (and brake cables if you have them) with a cable lubricant. Protect All Cable Life is a good general-purpose lubricant.
GreaseGet a good lithium soap based grease for lubricating major components like your side stand, centre stand, and bearings.
General motorcycle consumables — Brake fluid, chain lube, clutch lube, and grease
2012 Yamaha YZF-R1
2012 Yamaha R1 in red and white

2009-2014 Yamaha R1 Maintenance Schedule

Below is the maintenance schedule for the 2014 Yamaha R1.

The maintenance for the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1 is broken into two sections: periodic maintenance for emission control systems, and general maintenance and lubrication.

Periodic Maintenance Emission Control System


  • From 24000 mi (37000 km) or 36 months, repeat maintenance intervals starting from 8000 mi (13000 km) or 12 months.
  • Items marked with an asterisk (*) require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service — unless you’re confident!

The periods in the US maintenance schedule are slightly different to the one in Europe — probably because of metric vs imperial units. European service intervals are more spaced out.

ItemRoutine (US) 600 mi or 1 month4k mi / 6 months 8k mi / 12 months12k mi / 18 months16k mi / 24 months20k mi / 30 months
European service distance intervals:1000 km10k km20k km30k km40k km50k km
Fuel line* •Check fuel hoses for cracks or damage
•Replace if necessary
Spark plugs* •Check condition
•Adjust gap and clean
•Replace every second interval
Valve clearance* •Check and adjust valve clearance when engine is coldEvery 26600 mi (42000 km) (Europe: every 40,000 km)
Crankcase breather system* •Check breather hose for cracks or damage
•Replace if necessary
Fuel injection* •Adjust synchronizationXXXXXX
Exhaust system* •Check for leakage
•Tighten if necessary
•Replace gasket(s) if necessary
Evaporative emission control system (California only)* •Check control system for damage
•Replace if necessary
Air induction system* •Check the air cut valve and reed valve, and hose for damage
•Replace any damaged parts if necessary
Yamaha R1

General Maintenance and Lubrication Chart

No.ItemRoutine 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month
4000 mi (7000 km) or 6 months

8000 mi (13000 km) or 12 months
12000 mi (19000 km) or 18 months
16000 mi (25000 km) or 24 months
20000 mi (31000 km) or 30 months
1*Air filter element* • Replace.Every 24000 mi (37000 km) (Europe: every 40,000 km)
2*Clutch*• Check operation.
• Adjust or replace cable.
3*Front brake*• Check operation, fluid level, and for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
4*Rear brake*• Check operation, fluid level, and for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
5*Brake hoses* • Check for cracks or damage.
• Check for correct routing and clamping
• Replace.Every 4 years
6*Brake fluid* • Replace.Every 2 years
7*Wheels• Check runout and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
8*Tires• Check tread depth and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
9*Wheel bearings• Check bearings for smooth operation.
• Replace if necessary.
10*Swingarm pivot bearings*• Check operation and for excessive playXXXXX
• Moderately repack with with lithium-soap-based greaseEvery 32000 mi (50000 km)
11Drive chain• Check chain slack, alignment and
• Adjust and lubricate chain with a
special O-ring chain lubricant
Every 500 mi (800 km) and after washing the motorcycle or riding in the rain
12*Steering bearings*• Check bearing assemblies for
• Repack with lithium-
soap-based grease
Every 16000 mi (25000 km) (Europe: every 20,000 km)
13*Steering damper*• Check operation and for oil leakageXXXXX
14*Chassis fasteners*• Check all chassis fitting and fasteners.
• Correct if necessary.
15Brake lever pivot shaft• Apply silicone grease lightlyXXXXX
16Brake pedal pivot shaft• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.XXXXX
17Clutch lever pivot shaft• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.XXXXX
18Shift pedal pivots shaft• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.XXXXX
19Sidestand pivot• Check operation.
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease lightly.
20*Sidestand switch*• Check operation and replace if necessary.XXXXXX
21*Front fork*• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
22*Shock absorber assembly*• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
23*Rear suspension link pivots*• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
24Engine oil• Change (warm engine before draining)
25*Engine oil filter cartridge*• Replace.
26*Cooling system*• Check hoses for cracks or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
*• Change coolant (Ethylene glycol pre-mix) X (Europe: Every 3 years)
27*Front and rear brake switches*• Check operationXXXXXX
28*Control cables*• Apply Yamaha chain and cable
lube or engine oil thoroughly.
29*Throttle grip*• Check operation and free play.
• Adjust the throttle cable free play
if necessary.
• Lubricate the throttle grip housing
and cable.
30*Lights, signals and switches*• Check operation
• Adjust headlight beam


Air filter

  • This model’s air filter is equipped with a disposable oil-coated paper element, which must not be cleaned with compressed air to damaging it
  • The air filter element needs to be replaced more frequently when riding in unusually wet or dusty areas

Hydraulic brake service

  • After disassembling the brake master cylinder and calipers, always change the fluid. Regularly check the brake fluid levels and fill the reservoirs as required
  • Every two years replace the internal components of the brake master cylinder and caliper, and change the brake fluid
  • Replace the brake hose every four years, or if cracked or damaged.

About the 2009-2014 Yamaha YZF-R1

Yamaha revealed the 2014 version of its YZF-R1 champion. The motorcycle continues to deliver first-class performances as is equipped with a comprehensive list of high-end technologies.

One of the most impressive technologies that can be found under the YZF-R1’s skin is the seven-level Traction Control system which is coupled with a three level D-Mode electronic throttle response control.

The motorcycle’s backbone is represented by a light yet stiff aluminum frame that was carefully forged to be a perfect match for the sporty character of the YZF-R1. Moreover, the rear frame is lightweight Controlled-Fill die-cast magnesium, contributing to the optimum mass centralization.

As far as suspensions are concerned, the Yamaha YZF-R1 is packed with a front, fully adjustable 43mm inverted fork and a rear 4-way adjustable single shock.

At the heart of the Yamaha YZF-R1 lies a 998cc, liquid-cooled 4-Stroke DOHC 16 Valves engine which is kept in leash by a six-speed transmission with six-speed multi-plate slipper clutch.

Manual for the 2014 Yamaha YZF-R1

2014 Yamaha YZF-R1 Maintenance schedule screenshot from manual
US maintenance intervals for Yamaha R1 – every 4,000 mi
European maintenance schedule for the 2009-2014 Yamaha R1
European maintenance intervals – every 10,000 km

The above information was gleaned from the owner’s manual for the 2014 Yamaha YZF-R1.

You can download it from Yamaha’s website here.

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