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BMW R nineT (“Classic”, 2014-2016) Maintenance Schedule

2014-2016 NBMW R nineT colour option

This is the complete maintenance schedule for the BMW R nineT, made between 2014-2016. It’s also known as the R nineT Classic, to distinguish it from the Pure, Racer, Urban G/S, and Scrambler variants.

You may be searching for one of the following maintenance schedules from the BMW R nineT family:

Model family2014-20162017-20202021+
R nineT (Classic)2014-2016 BMW R nineT maintenance schedule2017-2020 BMW R nineT maintenance schedule2021+ BMW R nineT maintenance schedule
R nineT Puren/a2017-2020 BMW R nineT Pure maintenance schedule2021+ BMW R nineT Pure maintenance schedule
R nineT Urban G/S & Scramblern/a2017-2020 BMW R nineT Urban G/S and Scrambler maintenance schedule2021 BMW R nineT Urban G/S & Scrambler maintenance schedule
R nineT Racern/aWIPn/a
BMW R nineT maintenance schedules

While the R nineT has expanded improved over time, the engine and drivetrain have remained fundamentally the same — an air-cooled 1,170cc flat twin “boxer” engine with four valves per cylinder and double overhead camshafts, pushing about 81 kW (110 hp) of power and 119 Nm (88 lb-ft) of torque (at the crank) to the rear wheel through a dry clutch and a shaft drive.

It’s the same “camhead” engine that was used in the previous R 1200 generation of motorcycles, including the briefly contemporaneous R 1200 R and 2010-2013 “Camhead” R 1200 GS. But those motorcycles evolved to add water cooling and generally have been higher-spec bikes than the air-cooled R nineT.

There are a number of variants of the R NineT line. They have some overlapping elements in maintenance, but a few things mean that we can’t put all their maintenance schedules together. Each model variant has different wheels (tubed or tubeless), suspension, and other components, that mean that while a lot is interchangeable, not everything necessarily is.

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What you need to service the BMW R nineT 2014-2016 — Consumables and Special Tools

For the BMW R nineT, the manual recommends the following specific consumables.

Engine oilPer manual for all R nineT bikes, maximum 3.8 L (1 US gal) L of SAE 15W-50, API SJ/JASO MA2. Additives (for instance, molybdenum-based substances) are prohibited, because they would attack the coatings on engine components, BMW Motorrad recommends BMW Motorrad ADVANTEC Ultimate oil. Mobil 1 15W-50 is a good alternative.
Oil filterAll BMW R bikes use a BMW/Mahle oil filter, part number 11 42 7 673 541. The best replacement is a Hiflofiltro HF164.
Engine coolantBMW recommends… none! This is an air-cooled bike! (just a little joke to assure you I’m not a robot writing this)
Spark plugsNGK MAR8B-JDS This is what the manual suggests. Make sure it’s gapped correctly to 0.8mm (get a gapping tool).
Air filterYou can get the stock air filter, but riders love the BM-1204 air filter from K&N, which is re-usable.
Brake padsUse the standard brake pads by Brembo, which you can order from your dealer. Or use EBC double hardened brake pads to get the best out of your advanced braking system. Use two FA630HH for the front, and one FA363HH for the rear.
* Note — Pads are different across the R nineT line (R nineT Classic vs Pure, Racer, Scrambler, and Urban GS) — get the right ones.
Drive oilCalled the “Rear axle differential oil” in the manual. BMW recommends “SAE 70W-80 / hypoid axle G3”, but many hypoid gear oils work, e.g. Mobil 1 75W-90. or Castrol 75W-90 gear oil.
Alternator beltSuper annoying when this breaks, but very easy to fix! The part number is 11 31 8 528 385. It’s easiest to pick this up from a dealer.
BMW R nineT 2014-2016 consumables

BMW R nineT Classic (2014-2016) Maintenance Schedule

Below is the maintenance schedule for the BMW R nineT Classic as per the manual, but made more clear so that you can understand what needs to happen more easily.

The R nineT range, being air-cooled, have surprisingly short maintenance intervals — quite similar to other air-cooled performance bikes like the Ducati Scramblers. You have to service the valves every 6,000 miles or 10,000 kilometres. The good news is that you can get to the valve heads very easily, as the cylinders are sticking out into the wind — quite different to the Ducatis of old.

Simplified, the maintenance for the BMW R nineT involves:

  • A standard service every 12 months (irrespective of distance)
  • Oil change every 10,000 kms or 12 months, whichever is earlier,
  • Checking the valve clearances and engine synchro every 10,000 km/6,000 miles (with no time restriction)
  • A series of other periodic checks
‘000 km102030405060708090100
‘000 miles6121824303642485460Every
BMW Service standard scope (a) (see below)Year
Engine oil change, with filter (BMW Motorrad ADVANTEC Ultimate oil, BMW/Mahle oil filter, part number 11 42 7 721 779)XXXXXXXXXXYear (a)
Oil change in the rear bevel gears (Castrol 75W-90)XXXXX2 years (b)
Check valve clearancesXXXXXXXXXX
Change transmission oil (Mobil 1 75W-90)XXYear (c)
Replace spark plugs (NGK MAR8B-JDS)XXXXX
Replace air cleaner insert (BM-1204)XXXXX
Replace alternator beltX(d)X(d)
Change telescopic fork oilXXX
Adjust engine synchronizationXXXXXXXXXX
Change brake fluid in entire system (b) (Castrol Dot 4)Year, then 2 years (e)
BMW R nineT maintenance table


  • (a) Annually or every 10,000 km/ 6,000 miles (whichever comes first)
  • (b) Anually or every 20,000 km/ 12,000 miles (whichever comes first)
  • (c) for the first time after one year, then every two years or 40,000 km/24,000 miles (whichever comes first)
  • (d) every six years or every 40,000 km/24,000 miles (whichever comes first)
  • (e) for the first time after one year, then every two years

BMW Motorrad Service, standard scope

The activities in the BMW Motorrad Service standard scope (that are to be done periodically according to the service schedule above) are listed below. The actual scope of maintenance work for your vehicle may differ.

Note: Some of the below tests, including those that need the BMW Motorrad diagnostic system or re-setting the service due date, require BMW-specific equipment.

Perform vehicle test with BMW Motorrad diagnosis system
Visually inspect the clutch system (adjust free play and lubricate as necessary)
Check steering-head bearing
Visually inspect the brake pipes, brake hoses and connections
Check front brake pads and brake discs for wear (replace with a double set of FA630HH if necessary)
Check brake-fluid level, front brakes
Check rear brake pads and brake disc for wear (replace pads with FA363HH if necessary)
Check brake-fluid level, rear brakes
Check for play in the throttle cable
Check tyre pressures and tread depth
Check ease of movement of side stand
Check tension of the spokes and tighten as needed
Check the lights and signalling equipment
Function test, engine start suppression
Final inspection and check for road safety
Set the service-due date and service countdown distance (using hte BMW Motorrad diagnostic system)
Check battery charging state
Confirm BMW service in the vehicle literature
BMW Motorrad service for R nineT — Standard scope

BMW R nineT Tire size and pressures

The following are tire sizes and tire pressures for the BMW R nineT.

BMW recommends these tire pressures for most of their standard bikes and sport bikes. Note that the R nineT Cassic has spoked wheels and tubed tyres. Other variants have different tyres.

Wheel/TireSizePressure (cold)
Front120/70 ZR 172.5 bar (36 psi)
Rear180/55 ZR 172.7 bar (39 psi) one-up
2.9 bar (42 psi) two up with cargo
BMW R nineT Tire size and pressure

The original 2014-2016 BMW R nineT shipped with Continental RoadAttack 2C tubed tyres or Metzeler Roadtec Z8 Interact tubed tyres.

About the BMW R nineT (the original)

The BMW R nineT is an already legendary motorcycle from BMW, representing “simplicity”, but doing so in a typically classy BMW fashion. The name R nineT is meant to pay homage to BMW’s 90 years in the business, not to any one specific model.

It’s powered by the final air-cooled version of the opposite-twin Boxer engine, which in dual overhead cam form produces a claimed 110 hp (85 kW) and 88 lb-ft of torque.

In contrast with earlier BMW roadsters, BMW finally ditched the telelever front suspension for a traditional fork. The R nineT in its original form has an inverted fork, which is unfortunately non-adjustable.

The only unsightly parts are the charcoal canister, the cables running to the exhaust power valve and the wires running to the fuel-injector throttle bodies. Strangely, the bike comes standard with anti-lock brakes but heated handgrips are not available; in fact, the one-and-only option is an anti-theft alarm.

There is, of course, a wide range of accessories and options for the R nineT. These have really filled out over the years. You can pour a lot of money into a BMW motorcycle!

Major updates to the model over the years have included

  • 2017 BMW R nineT: A new instrument cluster, updated electronics with an additional on-board computer, compression and rebound-adjustable forks, new spoked wheels, and optional automatic stability control
  • 2021: A 6-axis IMU, ride by wire, and a host of rider aids including cornering ABS.

None of those updates have impacted the maintenance schedule.

Manual for the BMW R nineT Classic 2014-2016

Below is a screenshot of the maintenance schedule from which the above was derived (there’s more information in the manual about what the numbers mean).

BMW R nineT 2014-2016 maintenance schedule screenshot

The above information was gleaned from the owner’s manual for the BMW R nineT. You can download it from BMW’s website directly here.

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